In order for the life saving fluids to reach the circulatory system of the patient, administration of substances is done intravenously.
In order to ensure that the patient does not suffer from infection caused by the fluid administered, it is necessary to ensure that the fluid is sterile before being administered to the patient. The intravenous fluids will come in packages but it is also possible to combine them with water to make a specific solution. Different forms of these fluids can be administered via intravenous way with tubing as well as IV fluid bags that are warm. When the overall volume of the individual significantly reduces, then the life saving fluids are administered intravenously.
Decreased volumes of the patient can be caused by variety of reason. The circumstances that may lead to the reduced patient volume and hence the administration of fluids intravenously are dehydration, diarrhoea, surgery procedures, loss of blood, vomiting, procedures in surgery, imbalance of electrolyte levels as well as in cases of trauma.
Administration of substances intravenously is utilized in such situations like to complete blood transfusion, dehydration prevention, supply of medication directly into the patient body and in other crucial purposes.
A fluid warming system can also be used during the substance administration to warm them as this is important to ensure that internal body temperature of the patient does not fall to extreme levels. If the fluids are intravenously administered in the patients body in a very short period, the patient is likely to suffer extreme drop in the body temperatures which is harmful. The modern intravenous models are portable thereby making it possible for the heating process to be done easily and quickly to save patient life.
IV body fluid that is warm, a tubing, a device for accessing aa well as a chamber for dripping are the means used to ensure that substances are directly supplied in the veins by the use of intravenous therapy.
In order to ensure that air does not enter into the bloodstream as well as to manage the amount of fluid being administered in the patient body, a chamber for dripping will be very important. There exists many substances that can be administered in the patient body intravenous. Blood substitutes, buffer solutions, blood products, medications as well as the saline solution are the some of the substances that can be given through the intravenous therapy.
To enter into the patient bloodstream, the substances are channeled to enter the access device which includes peripheral cannula, needles or the central lines for IV lines. By use of a sterile tube that is long and attaching a clamp to the intravenous setup,the entry of fluids is stopped.Rapid infusers are used where the patient needs large amount of the substances.